Speech Milestones

Speech Therapist Working With ChildrenParents often ask how their child’s strengths and weaknesses compare with their age-matched peers. While it is important to respect our children as individuals who grow and develop at their own pace with their own unique gifts, it can be helpful to reference general guidelines of development that are based upon scientific data. The following communication milestones are based upon ASHA guidelines. Click here for a more extensive list. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/chart.htm

By 24 months

  • 50 word expressive vocabulary
  • Beginning to combine two words
  • Points to 5 body parts

2 to 3 years

  • Says 50 – 200 words
  • Follows simple directions
  • Clearly says these sounds in words: m, p, w, t, b, h

3 to 4 Years

  • Identifies colors
  • Compares objects
  • Tells how objects are used
  • Answers questions logically
  • Answers when questions
  • Clearly says these sounds in words: k, g, f, s, sh, j, ch, z

4 to 5 years

  • Tells how to do something
  • Defines words
  • Answers why questions
  • Understands complex directions
  • Understands descriptive concepts (long, short, curly)
  • Understands time concepts (night, day)
  • Uses prepositions
  • Clearly says these sounds in words: v, l, r

5 to 6 years

  • Retells stories
  • Recognizes and produces rhyming words
  • Sorts objects
  • Remembers directions
  • Clearly says these sounds in words: th, str, kr, r, bl
  • States similarities & differences between objects
  • Blends three sounds to read short words